Tuesday, November 13, 2012
Scottish novelist, poet, essayist and travel writer Robert Louis Stevenson was born on November 13, 1850, in Edinburgh, Scotland. Recurrent lung disease affected the course of his life and was the impetus for his many travels, seeking a healthy climate. His decision to pursue writing alienated him from his parents, who expected him to follow the family profession of lighthouse engineering. In 1880 he married an American, Fanny Vandegrift Osbourne, in San Francisco. One of his most popular books was the adventure novel Treasure Island (1883), followed by the popular A Child's Garden of Verse (1885) and the “boys’ novel” Kidnapped (1886). His novella The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886) has been viewed as a guidebook to Victorian social hypocrisy, exposing the era’s outward respectability and inward lust.